Defence and Strategic Studies UGC NET New Syllabus


UGC NET Paper-2 Syllabus

The following part of the UGC NET syllabus were previously under UGC NET Paper-2 and Paper-3 (Part-A and Part-B), however, as UGC has now only two papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which is general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 on the specific subject (including all electives, without options) instead of previous three papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which was general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 and Paper-3 on the specific subject, so, now-a-days, the following part is also considered as part of the UGC NET Paper-2 syllabus. 

Unit – A

Theories and Concepts

Defence and Strategic Studies: Assumptions and Approaches.

The Concepts of Nation:

State and Nation – State

Theories and Elements of State

National Power and its Components

Key Concepts of Security: National Security, Regional Security, Comprehensive Security, Common Security, Equal Security

National Security Objectives: Core Values, National Interests.

Challenges to Security: Individual, Sub – National; National, Regional and International Levels.

Non – Alignment, Balance of Power, Collective Security and Balance of Terror – Concept, Development and Relevance.

Concepts of Geopolitics and Geo – Strategy: Theories of Halford Mackinder and Carl Haushofer.

Defence and Security Policies: Concept, Formulation, Objectives and Linkages.

National Security Organizations in India:

Higher Defence Structure in India

National Security Council

Para – Military and Civil Defence

Civil – Military Relations

Deterrence and Detente : Concept, Theories of nuclear deterrence and their current relevance.

Contribution to Strategic thought by Kautilya, Mao, Jomini, Clausewitz, Douhet and Alfred Mahan.

Unit – B

Problems of Peace & Security


Theories and causes of War.

Principles of War.

Contemporary Warfare: Conventional Warfare in Nuclear age, Limited War, Revolutionary Warfare, Low Intensity Operations, Guerilla Warfare, Insurgency and Counter – Insurgency.

Armaments : Arms Race, Arms Aid, Arms Trade, Anns Proliferation.

Military Alliances and Pacts, Peace Treaties, Defence Cooperation, Strategic Partnership and Security Dialogue.

Problem of System of Governance and Human Rights.

Terrorism : Concept and kinds (National, International and Cross border).

Conflicting Ideologies : Militarism, Nationalism, Fundamentalism, Separatism,

Nuclear Proliferation & NPT, CTBT, MTCR, NMD.

Industrial Military Complex.

Unit – C

Global Security Issues

End of cold war and emergence of new world order.

Military, Nuclear and missile capabilities of China, Pakistan and India.

Re – Structuring of UNO.

Environmental Issues: Global Warming, Desertification, Acid Rains, Industrial Pollution, Deforestation.

Military Geography & Defence Problems : Nature of boundaries, Terrain

Sino – Indian and Indo – Pak border disputes and India’s Continental Strategy with her neighbours.

Sri Lankan Ethnic Conflict.

Domestic unrest in Afghanistan.

West – Asian Crisis.

Developments in Central Asian Republics.

Ethnic issues in Yugoslavia.

Crisis in Chechenia.

Organized Crimes : Money Laundering, Narco – trafficking.

Militarisation of Indian Ocean and India’s national, maritime and security interests in the Indian Ocean region. India’s Maritime Strategy for the 21st Century.

Issues of Logistics : Resources, Supply chain, Transportation and Communication.

Problems of Refugees :

Causes of Migration.

Population in border areas and border security.

Unit – D

Issues in Conflict Resolution

Origin, Type and Structure of Conflict at inter – state level.

Images, belief systems and International conflicts.

Techniques of Conflict Prevention

Conflict Management: Pacific Solution of International Disputes, Coercive methods and war as an instrument.

International Humanitarian Laws and Laws of Armed Conflicts.

Confidence Building Measures : Concept, kinds and utility.

IGOs & NGOs in Conflict Resolution : Peace Making, Peace Keeping and Peace Building.

Techniques of Preservation of Peace : Collective Security System, Pacific Settlement, Enforcement Action. Regional Security Arrangements. Disarmament.

Unit – E

Economic, Science & Technology Issues and National Security

Broad Survey of Technological Changes from Industrial Revolution to Inform Action Revolution.

Economic Theories of Defence.

Basics of Defence Planning, Determinants of Defence Expenditure and Defence

National Security and International Trade regimes (WTO, TRIPS, TRIMS, NAFTA, SAPTA).

India’s Nuclear and Space Power Programs, India’s Energy Scenario.

Research and Development:

Relevance of Science and Technology in National Security.

Impact of Information Technology; Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA).

Choice of Weapon Systems.

Impact of Economic Liberalization and Alobalization :

Defence Production in India ( Role of DPSU’s and Ordnance factories ).

Defence and Development and Peace and Development Dichotomies.

Issues of Mobilization of Resources during War and Peace.

Transfer of Technology: Dual use and critical technologies and their impact on national security.

Defence and Strategic Studies: A strategic study is an interdisciplinary academic field centered on the study of conflict and peace, whether as an independent or a dependent variable. It has often devoted special attention to the relationship between international politics, geostrategy, international diplomacy, international economics, and military power (Strategy), such as the role of intelligence, diplomacy, and international cooperation for security and defense. The subject is normally taught at the post-graduate academic or professional, usually Strategic-Political and Strategic-Military levels. The academic foundations of the subject began with classic texts initially from the Orient such as Sun Tzu’s Art of War, went onto a European focus with Von Clausewitz’s On War. In recent times, the major conflicts of the nineteenth century and the two World Wars have spurred strategic thinkers such as Mahan, Giulio Douhet, Liddell Hart and, later, Andre Beaufre.

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